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Feminist: the person who believes in the social,
political, and economic equality of the sexes
From Chimamanda’s book: We Should All Be Feminists
We teach girls to shrink themselves
To make themselves smaller
We say to girls,
“You can have ambition
But not too much
You should aim to be successful
But not too successful
Otherwise you will threaten the man.”
Because I am female
I am expected to aspire to marriage
I am expected to make my life choices
Always keeping in mind that
Marriage is the most important
Now marriage can be a source of
Joy and love and mutual support
But why do we teach girls to aspire to marriage
And we don’t teach boys the same?
We raise girls to see each other as competitors
Not for jobs or for accomplishments
Which I think can be a good thing
But for the attention of men
We teach girls that they cannot be sexual beings
In the way that boys are
Six years ago President Obama addressed the “Muslim world” from Cairo, where he pulled at the heartstrings of so many downtrodden people empowering them with a message of hope. With passion and conviction he reminded the world that actions speak louder than words, and that together we must act boldly to ensure that all citizens acquire necessary human rights, “…and our failure to meet them will hurt us all.”
Six years later Egyptians continue to live in a state of political and social instability. The promises of a brighter future made by the Obama administration in 2008, have been forgotten and ignored, the most recent example being the House Appropriations Committee removing human rights conditions on foreign assistance to Egypt.
Egyptian women have fallen victim to devastating human rights violations, sexual harassment being at the forefront. According to a 2013 survey by UN Women, 99% of Egyptian females experience sexual harassment, regardless of political, religious, or socio-economic status. This survey does not include non-Egyptian women living or traveling in Egypt who also fall victim to Egypt’s sexual harassment epidemic. Amnesty International explains that males use sexual harassment as an intimidating, hostile, degrading, and humiliating tactic to strip women of their fundamental human rights.
Unfortunately, Egyptian females face a society that shifts the blame from the harasser to the victim. Women are blamed for their harassment and according to writer Mona Eltahawy; many females are unable to fight back. Instead, women cover up as much as possible both physically and mentally to evade the hissing, obscenities, and groping hands that await them in the streets.
Women, like men, risked their lives during the revolution to liberate Egypt from tyranny; however according to Eltahawy, “…state and street work in tandem to push women out of public space.” Men feel threatened by women’s increasing visibility in the public space, therefore men have launched a fear based assault on women in hopes to drive them out of the public sphere.
Many women fought in the revolution to improve their lives and now face a public space that is more dangerous and depressingly degrading. The verbal abuse, physical abuse, and lack of safety have left many women feeling vulnerable. Eltahway argues that, “[u]nless we [Egyptians] draw the connection between the misogyny of the state and of the street, and unless we emphasize the need for a social and sexual revolution, our political revolutions will fail.”
America’s choice to drop human rights conditions from the Egyptian aid package is blatant hypocrisy and disregard for diplomacy. Societies that institute human rights for all citizens, Obama argued in his Cairo speech, “…are ultimately more stable, successful and secure.” Americans must step up and honor their “words” and “act boldly” in solidarity with Egyptian women so that they too may be free to live as complete citizens with integrity and dignity in a stable, successful, and secure Egypt.
Some people battle oppressive governments and other people fight oppressive societies. Manal al-Sharif asks, “which battle do you think is harder?”:
Human Trafficking Center defines human trafficking as:
[t]he recruitment and/or movement of someone within or across borders, through the abuse of power/position with the intention of forced exploitation, commercial or otherwise.
Matt Friedman Speaks on Human Trafficking, October 2012 Tedx:
Egyptian journalist Mona Eltahawy is currently on a global book tour promoting her latest publication and global women’s issues.
Eltahawy was born in Port Said, Egypt. Her parents were both academics, thus requiring her family to move to the UK when she was a child and then Saudi Arabia when she was an adolescent. It is in Saudi Arabia that Eltahawy was confronted with misogyny, explaining to The Guardian that, “[a]s a woman in Saudi Arabia, you have one of two options. You either lose your mind – which at first happened to me because I fell into a deep depression – or you become a feminist.”
The World Affairs Council of Dallas writes about the praise that Eltahawy’s book has received from press worldwide:
Eltahawy has traveled across the Middle East and North Africa, meeting with women and listening to their stories. Her book is a plea for outrage and action on their behalf, confronting the ‘toxic mix of culture and religion that few seem willing or able to disentangle lest they blaspheme or offend.’ A manifesto motivated by hope and fury in equal measure, Headscarves and Hymens is as illuminating as it is incendiary.
Mona Eltahawy has been a journalist and activist for more than two decades, serving as a correspondent for Reuters in Cairo and Jerusalem and writing for many well-known publications such as The Guardian, The Washington Post, the International Herald-Tribune and U.S. News and World Report.
Purchase Headscarves and Hymens: Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution on Amazon today!